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A scanned copy. Done on a non-word processor, called a typewriter, I believe.  Some of the spelling is original, even if it appears wrong. The name Elliott has only t even though it is often seen in this text with two tt's. The figures are left out at his time but as this is a City document a copy is in the Central library, in the Canadiana Reading Room 615-3524 - code 971.3535.PHI
By Ken Phipps, LACAC student, September 1989

Grace Cawthra-Elliott was a determined woman. She came from a family that had been influential and affluent for a hundred years, and she was proud of it. And she was selfish. She may also have been quite mad for most of her life.

This madness took the form of obsession and gave her the strength to sculpt her environment into the shape she wished it to assume; she wished the past as she saw it to be the present, and because everyone around her bowed to her will (because of her money or because of her unyielding stance) it nearly was. It was because she was mortal that time ignored her.

She erected Cawthra-Lotten as an eternal salute to the strength and the necessary vanity of every member of her family that had gone before her and so had somehow helped her build it. She did what she did for herself, but because her pride came from her family and her obsession was with that history, she did it for her ancestors and for her descendants as well.

The only descendant willing to take what she had to give was the City of Mississauga. We inherited her heritage, but not her delusions of immortality. A city is based on change, and recognizes that life cannot exist without it. The new Cawthra-Lotten will reflect this knowledge. The old Cawthra-Lotten was dead long before Grace was. Now it must be injected with new purpose; only then can its spirit be resurrected.


This report is not an exhaustive examination of the subject it attempts to survey. Many research avenues remain unexplored, possibly even undiscovered. In time more information may be unearthed. Also: the information used in writing this report is only as accurate as the sources consulted. This accuracy, especially in the details of the Cawthra history's genealogical aspects, may be limited.

I wish to thank everyone who provided me with information or helped me compile it--particularly Margaret Lawrence, Tony Adamson and Al Smouter. As well, I would like to thank Mark Warrack, my boss, for his trust and for his patience. Finally, I would like to thank the Cawthras. Joseph, William, Grace, and the others were working on this report long before I was even born; without their efforts it could never have been written.

Ken Phipps - Sept. 1989


Adamson, Anthony. Personal Communication. Toronto: July, 1989.

Adamson, Anthony. Wasps In The Attic. Port Credit: Vanity Press, 1987.

"After a Fashion--Parked Lion." Globe and Mail (Aug. 5, 1975).

Arbuckle, Mrs. Personal Communication. Mississauga: July, 1989.

"Architect designed Niagara Falls Tower." Globe and Mail (April 19, 1965), 32.

"Architecture and the Allied Arts: Exhibition Re-kindles Interest in the Diet Kitchen School." Canadian Society of Decorative Arts Bulletin 2 (Autumn 1982).

Arthur, Eric. Toronto. No Mean City. 2nd ed., Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1974.

The Baldwin Room, Metropolitan Toronto Central Reference Library, History Department. Collection of photographs of historic buildings in Metropolitan Toronto and surrounding areas.

Blue, Francis. A Short History of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, Ontario: typescript, 1970, 2, 4.

Brock, A. Maude (Cawthra), ed. Past and Present: Notes by Henry Cawthra. Toronto: James and Williams, 1924.

Brock, Mildred C. Then and Now, Excerpts From the Life of Grace Millicent Cawthra Elliot U.E.L. Willowdale: unpublished manuscript, 1964.

Bull, William Perkins. From Brock to Currie. Toronto: Perkins Bull Foundation, 1935.

Calleja, Frank. "Mississauga Wants To Save Old Cawthra Mansion." Toronto Star (August, 1975).

Canadian Homes and Gardens (August 1926).

Ibid (August 1927).

Ibid (August 1930), 18-21.

Ibid (July 1927).

Ibid (June 1927).

Ibid (May 1927).

Carver, Humphrey. The Compassionate Landscape. Toronto and Buffalo: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1975; 39.

Caryer, Humphrey. Speech at 50th Anniversary Meeting of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects. Ottawa: July, 1984.

Cawthra-Elliott, Grace. Letter received by Cassels, Brock and Kelley. Toronto: March 18, 1931.

Cawthra-Elliott, Grace. "Letters To The Editor." Port Credit Weekly (Dec. 1, 1950), 14.

"Cawthra-Elliott Theft Reported." Mississauga News (Feb. 22, 1978), 4.

"Cawthra-Elliott Home Struck By Lightning." Port Credit Weekly (July 17, 1947), 1.

"Cawthra-Elliott House, Rotten Eaves Prompt Report On Buildings." Toronto Star (Jan. 30, 1978).

Contract Record and Engineering Review (Dec. 31, 1930), 232.

"A Cottage Garden." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Aug. 1938), 25.

"Cottage Type In Various Textures." Canadian Homes and Gardens Book of Houses (June 1930), 97.

"A Country House and Its Environs." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Sept. 1940), 15-19.

Crawford, Pleasance. Personal Communication. Toronto: July, 1989.

"Dates Back to 1808: Restoration Planned for Cawthra Estate." Toronto Star (March 8, 1976).

"Edwin Kay." Globe and Mail (Dec. 10, 1958).

"Entrance detail--residence in Forest Hill Village" (illus.). Journal. Royal Architectural Institute-of Canada (Nov. 1932), 253.

"Entrance detail--St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto" (illus.). Journal, Royal Architectural institute of Canada (Oct. 1928), 228.

Funston, Mike. "Will Mystery Investor Turn Cawthra Home Into Eatery?" Toronto Star (Dec. 1, 1981).

"Garden Designs Achieve Variety." Canadian Homes and Gardens (April 1937), 25.

"Garden In The Woods." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Sept. 1940), 20-23.

"Gay Garden Party at Cawthra Lotten is Historical Event." Globe and Mail (July 6, 1934).

Gianelli, Adele M. "Cawthra Lotten." Canadian Homes and Gardens (June 1930), 38-40.

Globe and Mail (Oct 25, 1946). [The demolition of the Cawthra House at King and Bay]

"Got $200,000 to Spare?" Mississauga Times (Feb. 25, 1981).

Griffiths, Marie. "Cawthra Lotten--Home of Influential Family." Real Estate News (Dec. 9, 1983), D12.

"Henry Cawthra." Biographical Record County of York, 1907.

"It Will-Be a Home for Arts and Crafts." Mississauga Times (July 26, 1978).

Journal. Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Dec. 1936), 232.

Ibid (Dec. 1943).

Ibid (July 1939), 159.

Ibid (March 1936).

Kay, Edwin. "The Art of Pruning." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Aug. 1947), 34, 35.

Kay, Edwin. "Edwin Kay: Landscape Architect" (self-advertisement). Canadian Homes and Gardens, (March 1926), 57.

Kay, Edwin. "Edwin Kay: Landscape Architect" (self-advertisement). Canadian Homes and Gardens (Oct. 1930), 79.

Kay, Edwin. "Further Impressions, From the Canadian Delegate." Landscape Architecture 39, 79-80.

Kay, Edwin. "How and When to Prune Deciduous Shrubs." Canadian Homes and Gardens (March 1926), 90.

Kay, Edwin. "An Interesting Comparison ... Judicious Planning" (self-advertisement). Canadian Homes and Gardens (Oct. 1928), 93.

Kay, Edwin. "Landscape Architects." Canadian Homes and Gardens
(March 1938), 32, 33.

Lawrence, Margaret. Personal Communication. Mississauga: July, 1989.

"A Little Piece of History." Mississauga Times (July 26, 1978).

"Loyalist Architecture In Its Native Setting." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Jan.-Feb. 1936).

"The Mansion is Home to a Young Family." Mississauga Times
(July 26, 1978).

Martyn, Lucy Booth. "Yeadon Hall." Aristocratic Toronto. Toronto: Gage, 1980.

"Military Award to J. Cawthra." Port Credit Weekly (Oct 5, 1950), 45.

"Muir Gardens, Massey State His Designs." Globe and Mail (Dec. 10, 1958).

"No Cawthra High-Rise'." Mississauga Times (Feb.,12, 1975), 6.

Nobbs, Alison B. "Christmas Card 1971: Notes On the Family of Mrs. Cawthra-Elliot." The Loyalist Gazette (Autumn 1971), 6.

Photographs taken by Stan Turnbull formerly of 1643 Kenmuir Ave., Port Credit, Ont., on Feb. 27, 1965.

Port Credit Weekly (Sept. 26, 1946), 7. [Demolition of the Cawthra House]

Proposal for Dinner Theatre on Cawthra-Lotten submitted to the City of Mississauga: Nov., 1984.

Report on the Cawthra Estate c. 1975 [now on file in the Recreation and Parks Dept.]

"Residence at Swansea, Ont." Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (April 1935), 66.

"Residence of W.L. Somerville, esq." Journal. Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (July 1928), 263.

"Save Historic City Sites, To Preserve Culture: Curator." Mississauga Times (Nov. 5, 1975), D3.

Servicemaster of Mississauga Ltd. Professional Cleaning/Maintenance Services. Letter to Tony Cassels (April 23, 1975).

Smouter, Albert. Personal Communication. Milton: July, 1989.

Somerville, William Lyon. "Buying or Building, Stop, Look and Consider." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Jan. 1930), 21.

Somerville, W.L. "A House of Distinctly Canadian Design." Canadian Homes and Gardens Book of Houses (June 1930), 48.

Somerville, W.L. "Overcoming Building Hazards." Canadian Homes and Gardens (Jan. 1927).

The Telegram (April 19, 1965), 20.

The Toronto Star (April 20, 1965).

"Visual Arts May Get Cawthra-Elliott Estate." Mississauga News
(Jan 18, 1978), 4.

"Visual Arts Mississauga: Proposed Studio and Gallery" report of Oct. 1978.

"Visual Arts Needs Logo, Publicity, Historian." Mississauga Times
(March 22, 1978), C2.

Walker and Miles 1877 Historical Atlas of Peel. Stratford: Cumming Atlas Reprints, 1977; 23.

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